TBI Statistics

 

  • About 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury each year in the United States.
  • 1.365 million, nearly 80 percent, are treated and released from an emergency department.
  • TBI is a contributing factor to a third (30.5 percent) of all injury-related deaths in the United States.
  • About 75 percent of TBIs that occur each year are concussions or other forms of mild traumatic brain injury.
  • Children birth to 4 years, older adolescents 15 to 19 years, and adults 65 years and older are most likely to sustain a TBI.
  • Falls are the leading cause of TBI. Rates are highest for children birth to 4 years and for adults 75 years and older.
  • Motor vehicle-traffic injury is the leading cause of TBI-related death. Rates are highest for adults 20 to 24 years.
  • Direct medical costs and indirect costs of TBI, such as lost productivity, totaled an estimated $60 billion in the United States in 2000.
  • In every age group, TBI rates are higher for males than for females.
  • After the TBI, the risk for a second injury is three times greater.
  • After the second TBI, the risk for a third injury is eight times greater.