Possible Changes After a Brain Injury

The severity of a TBI may range from mild, with no loss of consciousness, to severe, with an extended period of unconsciousness after the injury.  TBI can cause a wide range of functional short- or long-term changes affecting thinking, sensation, language, or emotions.  TBI can cause headaches, significant changes in sleep patterns, fatigue, and seizures.  It can also increase the risk for conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and other brain disorders that become more prevalent with age.

Physical Consequences

  • Motor coordination
  • Hearing and visual Loss
  • Spasticity and tremors
  • Fatigue and/or weakness
  • Loss of taste and smell
  • Balance
  • Mobility
  • Speech
  • Seizures
  • Headaches or migraines
  • Pain
  • Changes in sleep patterns

Thinking Consequences

  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty with decision-making, planning, sequencing
  • Impaired judgment
  • Slowed ability to process
  • Problem-solving difficulties
  • Organizational problems
  • Impaired perception of self, others
  • Inability to complete task without reminders
  • Trouble concentrating

Emotional/Social Consequences

  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Problems with emotional control; impulsive behavior
  • Inappropriate behavior
  • Inability to inhibit remarks
  • Lack of response to social cues
  • Problems with initiation
  • Reduced self-esteem
  • Difficulty relating to others
  • Difficulty maintaining or forming relationships
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Increased anxiety and frustration