Children/Youth and TBI

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and acquired disability in the United States for children older than 1 year old. Families often feel overwhelmed and out of control following their child’s injury, experiencing shock and panic. Although families desire their child’s full recovery, they are often unprepared to face the issues involved with their child’s re-entry into activities at home, in school, and in the community. The injury to the child changes everyone in the family. Sudden changes in employment, household income, insurance benefits, litigation, and the child’s unique needs all influence the ways families respond to their new situation. Due to the natural progression of growth and development, children and youth with TBI may have recovery needs that are discovered over time. A professional with knowledge of TBI and its impact on children can be helpful to families during this time.

Children's Rehabilitation Service has care coordinators prepared to work with families of children and youth with TBI . CRS provides the following services for TBI through the PASSAGES program: 

Information and Referral

Provides information about the effects of TBI and available resources, including medical treatment and neuropsychological evaluation. Provides referral to appropriate specialists, local and state programs, and other resources.

Care Coordination

Assesses the needs of the child and family, identifies and links to services, coordinates services with other agencies, authorizes/arranges services, and provides information regarding special education, including the Individualized Education Plan (IEP).


Upon verification of TBI, families may enroll their children into CRS/TBI services, which may include purchase of medications, supplies, functional/communication assessments, and neuropsychological evaluations.

Related Services

Provides family education; assistance with physical, occupational, and speech therapy; transportation assistance; and community education regarding TBI.

Children Rehabilitation Service TBI Fact Sheet