Employment Information

No two brain injuries are alike. In fact, the differences will often outweigh the similarities. Brain injury is often invisible. The location and severity of the injury and other complicating factors, including other injuries that may have been sustained at the time of the brain injury, will result in different behaviors, symptoms, abilities and disabilities in each individual.

There are functions that are frequently affected by traumatic brain injury. It is important to remember that not all behaviors will be affected in any one individual.  While one or more areas may be severely affected, other areas may be only minimally affected or completely unaffected. Functional limitations caused by traumatic brain injury may affect:

  • Learning
  • Social skills
  • Motor and physical skills
  • Personality and emotions
  • Attention and concentration
  • Mental and physical stamina
  • Judgment and problem solving
  • Reading and math
  • Comprehension and expression
  • Short-term memory
  • Vision, hearing, taste, smell and touch

The brain is complex and difficult to understand. Injury to the brain can and often does significantly change a person's life. This may include changes in job performance. To understand someone who has a TBI, an employer needs to know that brain injury caused by a sudden external event is not the same as an intellectual disability or a mental health disorder.

While some survivors of TBI will relearn their skills and abilities, others must adjust to a new way of life. When employment is affected, programs such as the Interactive Community-Based Model (ICBM) are available to assist the individual in reaching his/her maximum level of independence and employment.

With the proper supervision and accommodation, a TBI survivor can be successful in the workplace. Support makes the difference in the successes an individual experiences after a traumatic brain injury. This support can come from family, friends, coworkers, employers or professionals such as care coordinators, job coaches, and rehabilitation counselors.

Success after TBI is possible. People all across the country have proven that they are more than capable of employment after having a TBI.

Employer and Employee Literature